Laura Scarabel

Since 2000, she has been working in the section of weed science where the research is focused on weed biology, herbicide resistance and integrated weed management.

The research involves the determination of the resistance profile of weed populations through bioassays conducted in a controlled or semi-controlled environment, investigation of the resistance mechanisms with the characterization of the genes involved (through molecular and biochemical techniques) and the way in which they are selected and propagated within weed communities. This entails a study at different levels: gene, plant and populations at the field level. Knowledge on herbicide resistance evolution allows to develop better management approaches.

Since 2009, she is responsible of the Italian Herbicide Resistance web site (GIRE) with the following aims:

  • monitoring and mapping of the Italian herbicide resistant cases
  • contribute to a better understanding of the causes and consequences of herbicide resistance
  • promote management strategies based on integrated weed management and a more sustainable use of herbicides

Current main research

  • development of molecular tools for a rapid resistance diagnosis (CAPS, dCAPS, LAMP)
  • investigation of resistance mechanisms target-site and non target-site
  • fitness study on weed populations
  • nationwide monitoring of new resistant weeds in the principal cropping systems (rice, soybean, maize and wheat)

She is currently involved in European (RELIUM, IWMPRAISE) and National (PSR-Emilia Romagna, Belchim Crop Protection, Syngenta) research projects.

Articles and book chapters since 2008

2019 – Multiple resistance of Papaver rhoeas L. to 2,4-D and acetolactate synthase inhibitors in four European countries. Kati V., Scarabel L., Thiery-Lanfranchi D., Kioleoglou V., Liberopoulou S., Délye C. – Weed Research 59: 367-376.
2018 – Epidemiology and agronomic predictors of herbicide resistance in rice at a large scale. Mascanzoni E., Perego A., Marchi N., Scarabel L., Panozzo S., Ferrero A., Acutis M., Sattin M. – Agronomy for sustainable development 30: 68.
2017 – A new Ala-122-Asn amino acid change confers decreased fitness to ALS-resistant Echinochloa crus-galli. Panozzo S., Scarabel L., Rosan V., Sattin M. – Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 2042 DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02042
2017 – Suitable reference genes for accurate gene expression analysis in Papaver rhoeas under 2,4-D herbicide stress. Scarabel L., Milani A., Panozzo S., Rasori A. – Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 143:66-72.
2017 – Occurrence of different resistance mechanisms to acetolactate synthase inhibitors in european Sorghum halepense. Panozzo S., Milani A., Scarabel L., Balogh A., Dancza I., Sattin M. – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 65 (34):7320-7327.
2015 – iMAR: an interactive web-based application for mapping herbicide resistant weeds. Panozzo S., Colauzzi M., Scarabel L., Collavo A., Rosan V., Sattin M. – PLoS ONE 10 (8), e0135328.
2015 – Protocols for Robust Herbicide Resistance Testing in Different Weed Species. Panozzo S., Scarabel L., Collavo A., Sattin M. – J. Vis. Exp.(101), e52923, doi:10.3791/52923
2015. – Occurrence, genetic control and evolution of non-target-site based resistance to herbicides inhibiting acetolactate synthase (ALS) in the dicot weed Papaver rhoeas.Scarabel L., Pernin F., Délye C. – Plant Science, 238:158-169.
2014 – Target-site ACCase-resistant Sorghum halepense selected in summer dicot crops. Scarabel L.,Panozzo S., Savoia W., Sattin M. – Weed Technology, 28(2):307-315.
2013 -Target-site resistance to ALS inhibitors in the polyploid species Echinochloa crus-galli. Panozzo S., Scarabel L., Tranel P.J., Sattin M. – Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 105 (2), 93-101.

2012 – Monitoring and Management of imidazolinone-resistant red rice (Oryza sativa L., var. sylvatica) in Clearfield® italian paddy rice. Scarabel L., Cenghialta C., Manuello D., Sattin M. – Agronomy, 2(4), 371-383.
2011 – Allelic variation of the ACCase gene and response to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides in pinoxaden-resistant Lolium spp. Scarabel L., PanozzoS., VarottoS., SattinM. – Pest Management Science 67 (8): 932-941.
2011 – Characterisation and management of Phalaris paradoxa resistant to ACCase-inhibitors. Collavo A., Panozzo S., Lucchesi G., Scarabel L., Sattin M. – Crop protection 30: 293-299.
2011 – Evolution and diversity of the mechanisms endowing resistance to herbicides inhibiting acetolactate-synthase (ALS) in corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas L.). Délye C., Pernin F., Scarabel L. – Plant Science 180 (2): 333-342.
2010 – Characterisation of ALS genes in the polyploid species Schoenoplectus mucronatus and implications for resistance management. Scarabel L., Locascio A., Furini A., Sattin M., Varotto S. – Pest Management Science 66 (3): 337-344.
2010 – Gestione di popolazioni di Echinochloa crus-galli resistenti agli inibitori dell’ALS in mais. Campagna C., Pravisano M., Pignata G., Scarabel L. – Atti Giornate fitopatologiche vol.1, 407-414, Cervia.